Honey is a sweet substance produced by bees from flower nectar, as a food of source. Once inside the beehive, worker bees ingest and then regurgitate nectar a few times, until it is partially digested. Then they let it evaporate in the honeycomb cells, in order to prevent fermentation. Since nectar can come from many different species of flowers, honey flavor, color and consistence can vary, just according to the nectar source. Today on the market you can mainly find blended honey, a mixture of two or more honeys. Ripe honey is sealed into the cells..
Honey has had a long history in human consumption, as it has been the only possible sweetener ingredient for a long time. It was a very appreciated food by all ancient people, from Egypttians, to Sumerians, to Babilonians… In many languages, like in Italian (miele) its noun seems to come from ancient Hittite “melit”. Also the Bible contains many references to honey. During the Midle Ages, just plain or sometimes accompanied by some dried fruit, it was considered as an excellent dessert, and only richer people could afford to buy it.
In cooking, honey can used plain, maybe just spread on some bread. In fancy restaurants it may be served with a cheese dish, with its typical dipper. But it can also be used as a sweetener, bot for sweet and savory dishes. For example, there are recipes to cook meat with honey, or honey muffins or cakes. You can also use it to sweeten your tea or milk cup, or other beverages.
Fun fact: Besides its calories, due to its sugar composition, honey is considered as a valuable food, thanks to its antioxidant content and for its palliative effect against cough.